Thursday, December 26, 2019
In our world, there is a plethora of societies. Different societies have different approaches to freedom, and have different ideas of what freedom is. In our society, we are taught that freedom is something that everybody should have no matter who they are or where they are from. In A Brave New World, Huxley gives us two examples of societies. These societies are the World State and the Reservation and they both have very different types of and views on freedom. By using these two examples and providing the readers with multiple characters that live in each society, Huxley clearly shows us his view on the subject of freedom. The character that stands out the most is John, and this is because John is from the Reservation and his viewsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The World State basically brainwashes its citizens into living without struggle or emotion. The citizens live their lives having replaced those things with what Mond calls happiness. This happiness is nothing more than satis fying very basic, or infantile, needs. Citizens are conditioned to be happy with doing the jobs that they are assigned to do. When John speaks to Mond he asks why the World State does not just make everybody Alphas. Mond responds to Johns question by saying Because we have no wish to have our throats cut... of making a free choice and assuming responsibilities. (Huxley Chapter 16) The people are degraded and made stupid in order to keep them from Alphas because Alphas are only happy doing intellectual work. John seems to understand where Mond is coming from about the Alpha subject, but he does not agree with the idea of happiness that resides in the World State. Through his experience with the citizens of the World State, John has come to the conclusion that this happiness creates terrible human beings. Through the eyes and mind of John, Huxley shows us his view of freedom in our world. Since John attempted to live in both of the societies and was seen as an outsider in both, we ca n see that nobody is truly free. We all live in societies where certain things are against the law or frowned upon. Doing the things that are against the law will get us into trouble, and doing the things that are frowned upon will cause us to beShow MoreRelatedAn Analysis of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World699 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagessoma?: Teens and distracted driving Aldous Huxleys Brave New World portrays a future dystopia in which all the inhabitants merely live for pleasure. All of the characters focus on enjoying things in the moment rather than allow themselves to experience unpleasant truths regarding the past or future. The society even denies death and encourages children to laugh and play around dying people to desensitize the next generation. However, as awful as Huxleys vision may be, some of the warped thinkingRead MoreA Brave New World by Aldous Huxley1756 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAldous Huxley is best known for his novel Brave New World, which depicts a post-industrial revolution utopia. Huxley greatly feared the ramifications to an industrialized world run by consumer capitalism, which is displayed in Brave New World. The government within the novel focuses solely on the bettering of technology and not scientific exploration and experimentation. The societyÃ¢â¬â¢s values lie in instant gratification and constant happiness. The utopia is maintained through the means of drugs,Read MoreA Brave New World vs. 1984991 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Brave New World vs. 1984 There are many similarities and differences between Aldous Huxleys A Brave New World and George Orwells 1984. With my analysis of both novels, I have come to the conclusion that they are not as alike as you would believe. A Brave New World is a novel about the struggle of John, Ãâthe savage, who rejects the society of the Brave New World when and discovers that he could never be truly happy there. 1984 is a novel about Winston, who finds forbidden loveRead MoreThe Absence of Morals in Brave New World Essay1814 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHuxley, in his novel Brave New World, argues that this is not the case. Through the creation of a type of scientifically led world order, the society has destroyed the one thing that people cherish most, their individualism (Brander 71). They are no longer individuals; they are consumers assimilated into an overall society by the power of genetics. However, that is not all. Baker contends that Ã¢â¬Å"HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest fear was the p otential misuse of genetic engineering, but Brave New World also reflects hisRead MoreA Comparison of Utopian Societies885 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEver since the worlds first nation state was created, the number one goal of its citizens has been to create the Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ society. To a majority of people in the novels Brave New World (c.1932) by Aldous Huxley and The Giver (c.1993) by Lois Lowry, a utopia and Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ society has been accomplished. But at a second glance, the world that Huxley creates and LowryÃ¢â¬â¢s community are actually totalitarian dystopias with many secrets. The similarities of both novels are evident and some readers may makeRead MoreThe Death of John Savage in Brave New World2197 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagessociety. The final result was the destruction of their perspective visionary worlds. There was one major facet that prevented these two from creating their paradigms: utopias take away individual freedom and identity and therefore society cannot exist. Aldous HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s science fiction novel Brave New World examines the large disconnect between the future and present day societies, showing how several aspects of this dystopian world lead to the downfall of the individual identity, most prominently exemplifiedRead MoreManipulated Free Will Essay1372 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshuman beings, we have the right to choose. That one ability to pursue the thing or things make them happy is just as important as their right to be unhappy. In HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s novel and in the film, The Truman Show, freedom is so manipulated and tainted that by todays standards it could not be considered freedom at all. In both Brave New World and The Truman Show it shows the negative effects this type of society can cause. In both the novel and film it shows how drug or substance abuse must be enforcedRead MoreThe Brave, Condemned, And Wicked1133 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesArmani Astudillo Mrs. Segovia Theory Report 07 March 2017 The brave, condemned, and wicked The advancement of technology does not imply the enhancement of humanity , within Ã¢â¬Å" A Brave New WorldÃ¢â¬ , by Aldous Huxley, shows a world in which individuality is stripped and replaced by uniformity which can be shown best in the John the Ã¢â¬Å"savageÃ¢â¬ . Perception has its way of fitting people s circumstances to fit their complex, and in itsÃ¢â¬â¢ entirety that s what this dystopian novel is about. Human emotionRead MoreBrave New World, Representative Of A Utopia Or A Dystopia?2190 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAccording to critics, is Ã¢â¬Å"Brave New World Ã¢â¬Å"representative of a utopia or a dystopia? Throughout history, many have wondered about what the future may hold for mankind. Will there be war or peace, success or failure, unity or disunity? One of the most asked questions, society can ever form a utopia. There are countless theories and opinions as to what will truly become of this planet in the years to come. As a result, there has been a tremendous amount of works dedicated to the concept of a futureRead MoreGeorge Orwell s Brave New World1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswas to narrow their focus on the past century they would see the works and predictions of Aldous Huxley and George Orwell. Both Huxley and Orwell, as one could infer, composed novels that describe future societies and their inner workings. Aldous Huxley, author of Brave New World, where members of society originate from a lab and whoÃ¢â¬â¢s lives are pre-determined by the controllers. The controllers of HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s futuristic societyÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental goal is to create an ideal community where every m ember achieves
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
QUESTION 1. The actions, reactions and interactions of people that constitute organizational behavior are influenced by factors. Critically evaluate five such factors. FACTORS INFLUENCING ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOUR. INTRODUCTION. Organizational behavior is a misnomer, it is not the study of how organizations behave, but rather the study of individual behavior in an organizational setting. This includes the study of how individuals behave on their own as well as how they behave in groups. The purpose of organizational behavior is to gain a greater understanding of those factors that influence group and individual dynamics in an organizational setting so that the individuals and the groups and the organizations to which they belong mayÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Each department needs diverse skills and expertise to enhance its efficiency so as to achieve the overall set goals. With the knowledge that all individuals are gifted differently and do possess diverse abilities and capabilities, it is only fair that a proper jod analysis is done and a clear description of what each position would require of its holder is put forth and an individual, who matches the skills is appointed. Employees should be asked to do what best they can perform. They should not be overburdened and should be encouraged to upgrade their skills from time to time. This will help ensure that they are satisfied at their positions and do what they know best thus are efficient, happy and contented. Family and Personal Life Truth be said, if one fights his/er family members or relatives in the morning, s/he tends to feel restless the whole day. It has been observed that individuals with a troubled background or problematic family life tend to behave irrationally at workplace. Employees who have strained relationships with family members like to sit till late at work and spoil the entire work culture. Individuals from very poor families also have a habit of stealing office stationery and taking things to home. Conflicts in personal life lead to stress and irrational behavior. But even in the face of all these, individuals should try not to bring their personal problems toShow MoreRelatedGlobal Leadership And Organizational Behavior Effectiveness1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness). The GLOBE research followed in Hofstede s footsteps yet also searched for additional dimensions (Cater, Lang Szabo, 2013, p. 446) as depicted and defined on Table II. In light of the GLOBE findings, earlier conceptualisations of culture have been reconsidered with respect to the impact of culture on leadership (Dickson et al., 2012 as cited in Cater et al., 2013, p. 447). GLOBE researchers introduced twnety one first-orderrRead MoreGlobal Leadership And Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research1244 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesUniversity of Pennsylvania started a huge research called the GLOBE project which stands for: Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research (Wikipedia, Global lead ership, n.d.). The GLOBE project studied the findings of Hofstede and expanded its investigation to cover 62 countries, 170 co-country investigators and over 17000 managers worldwide (Wikipedia, Global leadership, n.d.). The GLOBE project includes 9 cultural dimensions also called cultural competencies which are:Read MoreGlobal Leadership And Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Project1204 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe Kid?s We?re Moving to Kenya Student?s name: Date of submission: GLOBE stands for Global Leadership and organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research project a group of international social scientists and management scholars that study cross-cultural leadership. They have outlined six dimensions won which global leaders should have in their behaviors that acted as bases for leadership comparison. The units for measurement are performance orientation, assertiveness, future orientationRead MoreA Research Study On Toxic Leadership1519 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdissertation study is an opportunity to explore toxic leadership in nonprofits in Orange County. Also, to examine the impact of toxic leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s practices on OCB and turnover intention as two variables that can harm nonprofit organizations significantly. Moreover, to determine the influence of employee engagement on their organizational citizenship and turnover intention because of the toxic leadership behaviors. The gap in the literature about toxic leadership in nonprofits has inspired me t o study this issueRead MoreDoes Charisma Be Taught? Tests Of Two Interventions840 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages 374-396. Antonakis et al starts off research by posing a question. Ã¢â¬Å"Can leadership, and in particular charisma, be taught? The authors set out to prove in fact that training can training managers a specific set of charismatic leadership tactics not only improves their charisma, but their effectiveness as leaders. Charismatic leadership is defined as by Antonakis et al as being a sub element of transformational leadership. In the first study researchers assigned 34 middle managers from a SwissRead MoreLeadership Styles And Philosophies Of Leadership Essay1434 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership and You Leaders play a crucial role in the society and organizations, especially with regards to helping the organization achieve its objectives and purposes. These individuals use varying approaches to leadership that inform their practices in motivating organizational members towards the accomplishment of common objectives. Through their practices, leaders not only influence the behaviors of their followers or subordinates but also help in shaping organizational culture. The useRead MoreIncreasing Citizenship Behavior in the Organization675 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIncreasing Citizenship Behavior in the Organization The rapid growth in globalization and technology results in employees having to adapt at an ever-increasing rate to the dynamics of the organization. Likewise, leadership must be able to handle the increased speed in dealing with employees and what Neubert, Wu, and Roberts (2013) explained as the increased complexities and dynamics that effects leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to identify and fix problems by themselves. Discretionary behavior outside of the formalRead MoreLeadership Is A Critical And Valuable Component1708 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLeadership is a critical and valuable component to both organizational theory and behavior as, it assists the organization in accomplishing missions, values, goals and practices that are expected and desired. Leadership as defined, Ã¢â¬Å"is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals,Ã¢â¬ (Robbins, Stephen P., Judge, Timothy A. 2011). Leadership is diverse and may look different based on multiple fac tors that may include type of organization, the mission of thatRead MoreTransformational And Team Leadership Approaches1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Heart of Leadership Organizational effectiveness depends on the forerunners leading the charge. Transformational and team leadership approaches are two options businesses can choose from to meet the vision of the company. One method identifies an individual at the figurehead of the group or division, where the other approach leaves the option open for natural selection. Neither leadership approach is wrong. Quite the contrary, transformational and team leadership share similar behavioralRead MoreOrganizational Culture And Leadership Development1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexistent between organizational factors and workplace effectiveness (Kwantes and Boglarsky, 2007). Knowing the importance of leadership in modern-day organizations, it is not shocking that leadership development gets the biggest percentage distribution from training and development resources of most organizations. The part that organizational culture plays in the development of leaders is critical but often ignored. One motive for this is that managers responsible for leadership development efforts
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Question: Discuss about theCLARA Surveyfor Mindful Agency. Answer: Personal Reflection After a thorough reflection, I established that I have a strong Mindful Agency. I was so delighted because the strength of my Mindful Agency proved to me that I am a responsible student who is serious with whatever activity I perform. Being strong has enabled me to be a critical thinker who can use his mind to make rational and conscious decisions regarding my life. This has given me an opportunity to discharge my duties much responsibly. Therefore, to get the best out of my school-time, I have to capitalize on my strengths by properly planning and managing my time because it is a very important resource I have at this time. As a student, I know that I should dedicate my time for academics. This is why I believe that the results of my survey show that I have been doing so well (Gale Schrder 2014). So, the best thing to do is to take advantage of my strengths and ensure that they benefit me in the best way possible. At the same time, I should identify my weaknesses and feel motivated to make the necessary adjustments. This will help me to improve my skills and become a successful student and professional for that matter. As a student, I know for certain that I have a long way to go. Therefore, having carried out an objective self-assessment on my strengths and weaknesses, I have come into a conclusion that I should make important choices regarding my career development. For this reason, I have settled on two viable strategies: searching for clinical opportunities to take responsibility as well as engaging in volunteer work. I am convinced that these are important strategies that if properly exploited, can help to prepare me to be a well-rounded professional who is knowledgeable and can serve the society by delivering my best for the best interest of the community (Davis, Thwaites, Freeston Bennett?Levy 2015). They have a potential of empowering me to maximize my potential and eventually succeed in my studies. Success in my career is a long process that requires adequate preparations right from this time until I complete my studies. Hence, any strategy that can propel me towards success should be wel come and given the necessary support it deserves. Having weighed all the available options, I have decides to settle on the two strategies because in my opinion, they are the most viable. If properly utilized, they can enable me to advance my career to the next level. Seeking for clinical opportunities will enable me to acquire practical skills and experiences that will make me to fit into the job market. Here, I will get to learn much about patient care, patient relationships, team work and time management. On the other hand, volunteering will give me a fulfilling chance to give back to the society, build my reputation, get exposure, and learn important skills such intercultural communication. In the long run, I will end up becoming a flexible and dynamic professional who can serve in whatever kind of diverse community (Chaddock, Thwaites, Bennett-Levy Freeston 2014). Therefore, I strongly believe that these are the only strategies that are appropriate for me as an upcoming professional. Sparing some time to acquire practical skil ls is commendable because it serves to benefit me a great deal. One thing I cannot deny is that I have carefully chosen strategies that will make me to be an exceptional professional upon the completion of my studies. From the evidence gathered during the reflection, I found out that my strategies have been of great help to me. By choosing to be a critical thinker, I have managed to use my creativity to make reasonable decisions that can make me to be an exceptional student. This is why most of the times; I have been making accurate judgments as I ought to. At the same time, I have been spending a large portion of my time on my book work (Katsikitis, McAllister, Sharman, Raith, Faithfull-Byrne Priaulx 2013). Meaning, I have adopted brilliant time management strategies to enable me to properly use the available time without any wastage. It is for this reason that I qualify my Mindful Agency as a superior quality that I deserve to possess as a focused student. Sparing some time and engaging in voluntary and clinical work can be a rewarding thing t o do. Indeed, my strategies gave me substantial power over my approaches to learning. The conviction of dedicating my time to service of the community is a clear proof that I am deeply concerned about my career development. Through my strategies, I have made a choice to be a responsible student who takes his time to perform all the duties given to me. Thus, I have managed to develop and nurture the skills of time management, team work and accountability. In my opinion, I regard these as the most significant skills that should guide me in whatever activity I engage in (Cleary, Horsfall, Muthulakshmi, Happell Hunt 2013). For example; being accountable has made me to be a transparent student who can take a full responsibility for all my actions whenever necessary. I do this because, to me, it prepares me to be straightforward professional who can be entrusted with heavy duties and responsibilities in whichever setting I operate. The choice of my strategies has impacted on me in many ways. Most importantly, it has prepared me to emerge as an ideal student. The fact that I can use my creativity to make rational decisions implies that I can be a good time manager who dedicates his energy to carry out beneficial activities. This has not only benefited me, but benefited other people as well. The acquired skills have enabled me to effectively communicate with other people, listen to them and establish a good and healthy interpersonal relationship with them (Boud, Keogh Walker 2013). At the same time, my strategies have made me to be a selfless professional who is concerned about the welfare of other people in the society. This is why I have made the decision to engage in volunteer work since it will present me with an ample platform to give back to the society as I build my nursing career. If given an opportunity to use the strategy one more time, I would not hesitate to do so. From the reflection carried out so far, I came to establish that my strategies are quite appropriate for me as a focused student. What I know is that I am in a challenging situation that requires proper decision making. To do so, I need to apply the most suitable strategy that can enable me to use my skills and experience to come up with well-thought and rational decisions. Therefore, given the positive impacts of the strategy, I would have no choice rather than reusing it again and again. Nevertheless, I would need to have enough time to refine my communication and collaborative skills (Bennett-Levy Lee 2014). This will empower me to be a committed and outgoing personality who can survive in any of environment however challenging it might be. This, in my opinion, is what I need to succeed in my studies and adequately prepare myself for my career. References Bennett-Levy, J. Lee, N.K., 2014. Self-Practice and Self-Reflection in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Training: What Factors Influence Trainees Engagement and Experience of Benefit?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42(01), pp.48-64. Boud, D., Keogh, R. Walker, D., 2013. Promoting reflection in learning A modeli. Boundaries of adult learning, 1, pp.32-57. Chaddock, A., Thwaites, R., Bennett-Levy, J. Freeston, M.H., 2014. Understanding individual differences in response to Self-Practice and Self-Reflection (SP/SR) during CBT training. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 7, p.e14. Cleary, M., Horsfall, J., Muthulakshmi, P., Happell, B. Hunt, G.E., 2013. Career development: graduate nurse views. Journal of clinical nursing, 22(17-18), pp.2605-2613. Davis, M.L., Thwaites, R., Freeston, M.H. Bennett?Levy, J., 2015. A measurable impact of a self?practice/self?reflection programme on the therapeutic skills of experienced cognitive?behavioural therapists. Clinical psychology psychotherapy, 22(2), pp.176-184. Gale, C. Schrder, T., 2014. Experiences of self?practice/self?reflection in cognitive behavioural therapy: A meta?synthesis of qualitative studies. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 87(4), pp.373-392. Katsikitis, M., McAllister, M., Sharman, R., Raith, L., Faithfull-Byrne, A. Priaulx, R., 2013. Continuing professional development in nursing in Australia: Current awareness, practice and future directions. Contemporary nurse, 45(1), pp.33-45.
Monday, December 2, 2019
In this remarkable essay Franklin makes observations on how the society of Native Americans differs from that of white English America. The main point that Franklin was aiming for is that Native Americans are anything but savages. Franklin wanted to convince people that Just because a culture is different than our own does not mean they are savages and unclean. He even goes as far in his arguments to say that in some respects, the Native American culture and people are more polite than the British.Franklin gives examples describing ways the Indians respect the white peoples values and cultures and in return the Americans believe the Indians values are barbaric. Benjamin Franklin asked the question why the Native Americans should be called savages Just cause their lifestyle is different than others. One of the first examples given was, in 1744 at the Treaty of Lancaster the Six Nations a proposal was formed asking the Indians to send some of their young men to college in Virginia. We will write a custom essay sample on Midterm Writing Assisgnment or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This was purposed so they could teach them the lifestyle that the Americans know and practice. Why did the SIX Nations believe that there was room for Improvement In their community, they wanted to instill some of their values to the Indians. The Indians felt the white man had no moral values when it came to either living in the wilderness or building pains, knowing how to survive outside or either be counselors to the young. They spoke of great honor and high esteem to the Six Nations while declining their offer.Franklin explains their mannerism toward tolerance to listening to the white people ways of converting as mere . The Indians were very polite when holding conversations. After telling a story about two hunters they were told the story was fiction, a tale and a falsehood. The Indians responded by saying the rules of common civility. You saw that we, who understand and practice those rules, believed all your stories; why do you refuse to believe ours? Ben Franklin also thought that the Native Americans should have been welcomed instead of made fun and treated like circus clowns.He spoke of how they were gazed upon and crowded upon when they came In to town. If someone comes Into the Indians village, they are treated as they wanted to be treated with kindness. Franklin concludes the piece by telling of an episode during which a Mohawk man questions a friend who is familiar with white mans practice of attending a Sunday meeting. Upon hearing that the purpose of the meeting is to learn good things, he responds, If they met so often to learn good things, they would certainly have learned some before this time.But they are still Ignorant. He goes on by saying, You see they have not yet learned those little good them to us when we were children. He speaks of the meetings as only to contrive the cheating of Indians in the price of beaver. Franklin emphasizes the power of his social commentary by letting it come through the mouth of a supposed savage. Through this exchange, Franklin reveals the genuinely civilized nature of the American Indian and the ways in which he hopes that the European and white American cultures will develop.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
The Achievement of Desire There are a lot of autobiographies which attract human attention, however, RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The Achievement of DesireÃ¢â¬ is a piece of writing which deserves special consideration in many reasons. Being an autobiography like the one written by other authors, RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"The Achievement of DesireÃ¢â¬ is particular in many reasons.Advertising We will write a custom assessment sample on The Achievement of Desire specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Many ethical claims are raised by the author. The main idea of the whole article is expressed in one sentences Ã¢â¬Å"the boy who first entered a classroom barely able to speak English, twenty years later concluded his studies in the stately quiet of the reading room in the British MuseumÃ¢â¬ (Rodriguez 215). This is a one sentence summary of RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s career who managed to achieve much by means of reading and education in general, but at the same time he h as lost his family having created a huge gap between him and his parents who were uneducated. According to Rodriguez, education is important and it does not matter whether your parents are educated or not, whether you have much money or not. The desire to study comes from inside and an individual has an opportunity to become an educated person in case one wants. Rodriguez wanted to study, he had nothing to do but to read and this activity has encouraged Rodriguez for education. It was initially parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ fault who did not pay much attention to their child, who were too involved in earning for living. RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s parents were uneducated simple employees who did much to make sure that all the members of the family were fed. Bering allowed for doing whatever he wanted, Rodriguez chose an education path. Stressing the role of parents in the life of Rodriguez, it is possible to say none. Parents have never been really interested in the life of their son and he also was not i nterested in telling them what happened in his every day activities. The main idea the author wants to deliver to the reader is that education may separate such close ties as family. Becoming more and more educated, Rodriguez understood that he becomes more distant from his relatives. They failed to understand him and he was unable to understand them. Therefore, Rodriguez draws a very important claim which may be developed further. Education creates a gap between those who have it and those who have not. Educated people feel uncomfortable in the company with uneducated and wise versa.Advertising Looking for assessment on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More One more issue which deserves attention in RodriguezÃ¢â¬â¢s education was his popularity among teachers and ability to answer each question. In other words, Rodriguez knew too much, he was too educated and this feeling of superiority over others also affected his vision of the world. At the end of his autobiography Rodriguez says that education was not that important when one has home where he can return (Rodriguez 226). Having understood the main idea of education after many years have passed it becomes obvious for Rodriguez that his parents are the closet people to him and knowledge is just one of the characteristics one has which may be or may not be, but family is eternal. Therefore, it may be concluded that the author of the autobiography, who has been proclaiming the importance of education during the whole hs life, who saw how education changed his life for better understand that family is much more important. There is no book which may substitute parental love. Rodriguez, Richard. Ã¢â¬Å"The Achievement of Desire.Ã¢â¬ Reading America. Eds. Gary Colombo, Robert Cullen, and Bonnie Lishe. Boston: Bedford/St.MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s, 2004. 214-227. Print.
Saturday, November 23, 2019
A vivid experience on explosion. A vivid experience on explosionThe December festive season is almost here with us again. This is the time where each and every shopping mall is a bee hive of activities. The last two days towards this big day are extremely busy. Majority of the people are found in the last minute rush moving from one stall to the next buying new clad and gifts for friends and family. Unfortunately, my mother and I were also finishing our selection on the last Sunday, a day before this wonderful day. A lot of people were in the supermarket. The parking was fully loaded. We were lucky enough to arrive early to find a place to park. Some minutes to noon we got into a jewelry stall when out of nowhere there was a big explosion. What struck my mind first was that an earthquake had ensued. I immediately started sweating trembling like a leave on cold weather. On looking back, I was met with people lying down swimming in blood. Women and children were screaming and pieces of glass were lying all over. Some people were running out of the shopping mall and the place resembled hell. Within a blink of an eye, the police arrived at the scene accompanied by two ambulances for offering first aid to the injured people. It then dawned on me that the explosion had been caused by a bomb which had been planted in one of the stall. After several questions from the police, we excused ourselves and left for home. Although my mother and I managed to escape unhurt, I could not help but to shed tears because we escaped narrowly. Later in the news that evening, it was confirmed that three people had lost their lives as a result of that explosion while a good number were still nursing injuries. It was a horrible experience. Since that day, the bloody images of injured people still occur in most of my dreams and I even sometimes scream late at night. This has affected me psychologically and I have been visiting a psychiatrist quite often to help me overcome this. My life was completely changed since that day although am trying very hard to get over this.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Question discuss and analyse - Essay Example More than five million deaths per year are consequences of using tobacco or intensive smoking. Smoking is the main risk factor for top three causes of deaths in Canada and those are cancer, lung disease and cardiovascular disease.Economic cost of $17 billion was bore by Canadian economy as a result of using tobacco in 2002 and in the same year $404 billion of expense for health care was paid directly by Canadian smokers. But the Canadian society is forced to carry costs such as turnover, work absenteeism and income lost due to early deaths. Over a period of time the number of fires resulted from smoking was 36,125 and it cost the Canadian denizens, in property distortion,$433 million. Likewise, the Conference Board of Canada cohered that to employ a smoker than a non-smoker cost them near to $2,565 per year, in 1997. But it is not the society only that bears the economic burden of smoking but in fact it is the smoker himself or herself who have to bear the costs associated to smoking . Smokers are supposed to pay for life insurance premiums and pay billions of dollars in the name of tobacco taxes. And if this is not enough, then there is also the cost of the cigarettes too. Only in the province of Alberta in 2005,Ã¢â¬ a smoker who smokes a pack a day spends almost $3,650 each year on cigarettes, based on an average price of $10 a packÃ¢â¬ (Economic Cost). Additionally, according to the Conference Board of Canada (2012) lung diseases alone costs Canada $12 billion. Analysts believe that if the Canadian populace and government make no effort to combat the dilemma then it is very likely that the cost will double. The cost can be divided in direct health care as 3.4 million (drugs, hospitals, physicians) and $8.6 billion in indirect costs (such as premature death and long term disability)Ã¢â¬ (Lung Disease Imposes Major Costs on CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s Economy, 2012). According to the
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Qatar Electricity and Water Company - Essay Example Almost half (43%) of these shares are owned by the Qatar government itself and the rest (57%) by the private individuals (Water report for Qatar). This renowned company has many credits and achievements to its name. It runs power plants and desalination station to meet the consumption needs of the country. It has also signed up an agreement with the Qatar General Electricity and water corporation and sells its products to them as well. Given below is a statistical chart (Welcome to Qatar Electricity & Water Co) that shows the requirements of the Qatar electricity and Water Company for the graduates and trainees. As per the chart, the company opens its offers for the mechanical, electrical, chemical and instrumentation engineering branches and also has opportunities for semi technical and non technical employees. People from these backgrounds are trained in their respective fields as per the company's requirement. These trained people are finally recruited in technical fields of need. It also has some staff in the field of management, accounting and administration as well. This selection is done based on the requirement of the company for then and near future in mind. Qatari Graduates Work and Training Opportunities in the CompanyÃ qualifications field of work Grade Specialization university, graduates & diploma Technical bachelor degree or diploma in engineering mechanical electrical instrumentation chemical semi-technical bachelor in science computer - physics - chemistry Ã¢â¬â math non-technical bachelor of commerce / arts administration- accounting - management administration high school graduates technical-non technical high school science - non science The company has its own training programs and does concentrate on the program very well. The training program takes the employees through Qatar petroleum. A separate team is appointed to supervise the training program as this is considered to be an important phase in the employee assessment and evaluat ion. This generally involves graduates from Qatar and abroad as well. These graduates are trained to fill various technical supervisory jobs. The company also deals with other international companies that manufacture the sophisticated equipment that the Qatar electricity and water company uses and trains its employees in using this equipment. However there are certain requirements to be fulfilled by the graduates with tests and personal interviews as well. The company has been keeping itself abreast of the other companies, by adopting latest technologies and making sure it has its share in the international market. Qatar electricity and Water Company has also made sure that it stands in the international market by making sure the employees cope with the international standards and hence it lets the employees to go through English language tests asses their speaking skills to ensure they would be able communicate anywhere within and outside the country. Hence English has also been an other criterion in the selection of the candidates The company stands second to none when it comes to compensations of the employees. Qatar electricity and Water Company ensures the best compensation in the class. It rewards the employees with many benefits and huge salaries. It also has retirement system, making sure the employees lead a decent life even after their retirement. Apart from these it also offers its
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Article analysis for an Economics class Essay If someone earns a sum of money, and saves it rather than spends it, then, in no way can a person be losing wealth if not for inflation, which prompts the prices of all goods and services to rise. One may see this as a trend among businesses to maximize their profits. In reality, the root cause of the problem is not with businesspeople, but the Federal Reserve System continuously adding more money into the economy. The article I have chosen to summarize examines the U. S. economy of today mainly the food and energy prices that have rose sharply since March 2003, which has prompted the Fed to concern itself with the onset of inflation. In reality, what triggers the rise in prices is an increase of money in circulation, which is a result of the actions performed by the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve, being the government agency responsible for printing the nation money supply, determines how many dollar bills are put into circulation. The dilemma arises because, when more money is added into the economy and an individual has not spent any of it, the person is now poorer in relation to everyone else than they once were. Adding more money into the economy dilutes the value of each individual dollar, thereby decreasing its purchasing power. The article states that the price index gained larger than expected .3 percent, which adds to the inflation anxiety on Wall Street (Freilich). Inflation, however, tends to hurt the poor far more than it does the rich. For example, if a woman retires with four thousand dollars saved up, and the cost of a decent living is five thousand, then she only has eighty percent of what she needs to survive. Then, a year later, if there is one hundred percent inflation, then the necessary cost of living becomes ten thousand dollars. Even if that woman still had four thousand dollars, she would now have only forty percent of what she needed. Though they often have been blamed for inflation, businesses themselves are victims of inflation, as each company sees the costs of all of its resources rising. Retailers pay rising costs to distributors, who pay a rising cost to suppliers, who pay a rising cost for their resources. If a businessperson does not raise the prices of the merchandise, while the prices of resourcesÃ are rising, then he or she will have to reduce profits or cut back on much-needed supplies and services to maintain the company, which, in the end, could mean less business and still result in less revenue. Thus, inflation necessitates that businesses raise prices and employees demand higher wages, which often takes place in a random fashion. The article further states that prices received by farms, factories and refiners gained sharply to 0.8 percent last month, the largest jump since March 2003. Additionally, the Labor Department said first-time filings for state jobless aid fell 15,000 to 336,000 in the week ended June 12, their lowest level since early May. Increase in prices and an improved job market suggests that the U.S. economys momentum is likely to build in the coming months. The article adds stating that in addition to the growing economy, the dollar first rose against the euro and prices for U.S. government bonds fell, pushing yields up. Investors are worried about inflation pressure because stocks slipped, in part because of inflation concerns, but also due to news of more deadly bloodshed in Iraq. Inflation is understood that when governments print plenty of money and spend considerably, watch out for rising prices to continue. However, the volatile stock market and with elections coming soon, I believe to expect the unexpected. References Freilich, Ellen. Data Puts Inflation in Focus. Retrieved online Jun 17, 2004 Website: http://www.reuters.com/financeNewsArticle.jhtml;jsessionid=0RS0105W2AE4ECRBAEKSFEY?type=businessNewsstoryID=5450085
Friday, November 15, 2019
Public education in the United States is perhaps one of the most critical issues we face as a nation. Once pronouncing the United States as a Ã¢â¬Å"nation at riskÃ¢â¬ , the educational institution began to implement one reform strategy after another. In efforts to improve schooling for K-12 students, education reform has fiddled with class size, revised graduation requirements, and created standardized testing just to name a few. Unfortunately, traditional public schools are still failing to provide students with a quality education. This is disheartening as we learn that the United States lags behind in math and science compared to our international counterparts. It is safe to say that educational reform has spent billions of dollars over the years in an honest effort to reform education in American; however, most reform decisions have produced little changes. Among the many radical education reform strategies implemented, charter schools are perhaps one of the most prominent. It has been roughly twenty years since several states opened a number of charter schools. The best way to describe charter schools is to say they are independent public schools of choice that are free from rules and regulations compared to traditional public schools. Charter schools are accountable for producing results; otherwise, they are subject to closing due to failing performance. There are more than 5,400 charter schools serving more than 1.7 million children across the country (Center for Education Reform, 2010). Currently, 40 states and the District of Columbia have charter school with 41 laws in place and only 13 have strong laws. The states with the strong laws, 65 percent show positive achievement gains (Center for Education Reform, 2010). These stati... ...ountry could benefit from the presence of charter schools. Although traditional public schooling is in trouble, they are not lost. With thousands of students on waiting list for charter school enrollment and a thousand more who will not attend a school of choice speaks to the need for charter schools. Conventional public schools need to move beyond the mandates of a bureaucratic system in order to experience real revitalization. Perhaps Andy Smarick has the right idea instead of trying to fix failing schools close them and start fresh (2010). Perhaps it is unrealistic to believe with the number of failing schools across this country we could replace them with new schools, but it is clear that something has to be done to ensure a quality education exist for all students. In the meantime, why not give charter schools a chance to educate those who they can serve.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
His Excellency George Washington His Excellency George Washington, written by Joseph J. Ellis, provides us a look at one of the most influential men in American history. However, instead of looking at the monumental titan as most did, Ellis wrote about the man behind the monument; his successes, failures and desires that few if any have written about before.While not as formal sounding to the reader with many questions and out of the way comments by the author based on opinion instead of fact, like on page 194 where in moment about Washington saying formal etiquette of the levees combined with Washington's natural dignity (or was it his aloofness? ) to createÃ¢â¬ ¦. Ã¢â¬Ë with the content in the parentheses being his own. This statement of his was neither followed up by any fact nor further discussion entirely which is necessary in these situations. Or is it?Ellis spent his book not focusing on the monolith but on the man, dating back to before the French and Indian war where Wash ington started to receive recognition for his services, to his death in 1799. Ellis looked past all the brass and silver of his success in the public and thoroughly explored his private and personal life. Ellis painted Washington as a man who focused intently on his bottom line, as seen on page 165 where Ellis describes that the main reason for Washington wanting to get rid of his slaves was not for moral reasons but for economic reasons, as the slaves were no longer worth the investment.Ellis harped on the fact that only 3 letters of correspondence survived between George and Martha Washington (page 42), which was one of the few times e released his emotions considering his natural stone exterior. Ellis also put considerable effort in to focusing on his home in Mount Vernon which was a centerpiece in Washington's life. His life was changed forever by his wife Martha who, even though they originally married for economic reasons, became a Ã¢â¬Ëmutually affectionate bond' (Ellis, 42 ). From the beginning Washington was concerned about his future in the aristocratic- like planter class of Virginia.Being the 2nd son in the family George was not slated to receive his father's fortune, so he would need to find another career where he could aka one. He got his first Job as a surveyor sent to check on land in the Shenandoah Valley (Ellis, 10). It is presumed by Ellis that this is the point at which Washington saw the expansive and untouched land to the west, a driving force behind his ambitions both at the start of the revolution (Ellis, 57) and during his presidency. During his youth, America was a land where most identified themselves as British, Virginian Ã¢â¬Ëarmy and worked alongside the British intently during the French and Indian war.However many of the colonists believed they fought the French and Indian war to be allowed to expand west. This thought was extinguished when the proclamation of 1763 was released, forbidding colonist expansion westward. This w as one of the starting points where colonists began to feel some resentment to the British Crown, and only snowballed with every act thereafter. As more taxes and acts were being placed on colonists more and more anger about a lack or representation in parliament began to seep into American politics.Many of the more radical members who wanted full separation/retaliation became to be known as the Whig arty (Ellis, 62). These Whig were inspired by the Country Party (Ellis, 62-63) of England and wanted to establish a republican like government that better represented the colonists in the Americas. As time went on and the revolution ended, while the framing of the constitution took place and there on after, 2 political parties in the United States began to take route. The first major group was the Federalists led by Alexander Hamilton which Washington was a supporter of.The Federalists are precursors to modern day republicans. On the other hand a large group of people in the south didn' t like the centralist ideas of the Federalists, fearing that the Federalists would destroy their agriculturally based economies (Ellis, 204-205). These men went on to form the Republican Party, or Anti-Federalists, which is the modern precursor to the Democratic Party. While a member of it Washington hated and despised these 2 parties as he feared it would lead to a deadlock (which we can see today). Many decisions that would affect Americas social future were decided in Washington's era.A large one, the legality of slaves was one that was with him from the time of the revolution where he considered offering freedom for those who fought for him, until he finally passed away (Ellis, 263). While personally against slavery from a moral stand point later in his life at the beginning he took advantage of slave labor to help create his massive estates that were pivotal to his position in Virginia society. He did have 1 condition however that most slave owners didn't have; he would never s ell members of a slave family, only the whole family together (Ellis, 258).Joseph J. Ellis created a biography that changed some perspective of Washington. No longer an immovable figure of greatness, he was portrayed as a man who went through hardships, strife, and success, while still keeping his goals and ideals alive. He was a man with a deep capacity for emotion who had learned self-control and was always looking towards the future. He saw George as a man who would do what it took to get the Job done, and extend his legacy forever. Most importantly, Ellis shed new light on the man and not the monolith of His Excellency George Washington.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
To what extent was England dominated by Spain and the serving of Spanish interests during the reign of Mary When Mary decided upon making Spain a close ally in 1554 through the marriage of herself and Philip II of Spain, she took special precaution to not give the superpower too much authority over England. Despite that Lord Chancellor Gardiner and the House of Commons petitioned Mary to consider marrying an Englishman, after they feared that England would be relegated to a dependency of Spain, this fear in many cases came true. Philip viewed the marriage as entirely political and his second visit to England was clearly only due to wanting involvement in England, Spanish interests in England were helpfully reinforced through the marriage and MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy, subsequently making England a Spanish pawn. However arguments to indicate that England was not dominated by Spain are also clearly noticeable, as Mary received her own advantages out of the marriage with Philip and assured Spain of the little authority Philip would receive through the terms of agreement. The marriage between Mary and Philip which he viewed to be entirely political and leaving Mary to defer heavily on Philip allowed him to also enjoy titles and honours for as long as their marriage should last. All official documents, including acts of parliament were to be dated with both their names, parliament was to be called under the joint authority of the couple and coins were to show the heads of both Mary and Philip. As well as Philip as a figure receiving authority in England, other advantages also lead to Spain being able to use England for Spanish interests. Involving England in the Hapsburg-Valois conflict, they made England into a Ã¢â¬Ësubmissive satellite around the Hapsburg powerÃ¢â¬â¢; this finally led to the loss of precious Calais for England after there was limited assistance in defence of Calais. Philips coincidental investment in the English navy led to huge advantages as he could consequently use this for his own benefit, and his communication with the Netherlands. This could perhaps be seen as pre-planned by Philip and therefore strongly suggesting Spain was using England for its benefit wherever its interests lay. Other examples are obvious of Philip taking advantage of English involvement, and this can be seen at the Siege of St Quentin, where 5,000 Englishmen joined 70,000 Spanish. Philips forces broke through French defence and the English support was made to seem more important than it was, in fact English troops were not actually needed at all. Overall England can be seen as doing exactly as Spain wished and Spain doing as they thought themselves necessary, the English cleared the channel for Phillip as he wished and Philip only visited England when he required EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement, the marriage appeared completely one sided as Mary showed reliance on Phillip and heavily on Spanish advisors. Alternative views can also be noticed, as England received huge advantages through the alliance with Spain and perhaps gained just as much if not more than Spain had. The marriage with Phillip increased MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s Spanish inheritance, Philip was heir to vast territories in continental Europe and the New World and upon marriage Mary became Queen of Naples and titular Queen of Jerusalem. It was obviously clear to Mary that she was in need of a husband and an heir, in this case Philip was providing both, he had already one son from his first marriage and this proved him a good breeder so subsequently benefited Mary hugely and her security in England. Alternative support and security was also established upon the alliance as Henry II had strong Scottish support he was always a threat to England as he wanted Calais, however Mary alone would seem an easy target, but aligned with Spain she appeared stronger. We must also notice that MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s tactical approach to the terms of the marriage agreement left her in a very safe position. If no heir was secured or Mary died, neither he or his heirs would have any claim to the throne of England, Philip was to receive the title of King and rule as joint sovereign but he had no sovereign authority. He could not promote foreigners to hold office in England but he must uphold the laws of England. Those in Spain felt that Philips honour had been disparaged and itÃ¢â¬â¢s probable that Philip felt the same, however Mary was left safe and secure with the ability to use Spain as she wished. Mary was able to secure EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s main commercial outlet with the Netherlands and could use Spanish help if necessary against political instability, overall English security increased hugely and the benefits were clearly noticeable, proving in fact England was not dominated by Spain and Spanish interests and MaryÃ¢â¬â¢s own interests were not left abandoned. In conclusion, both arguments provide fair points and an equal understanding of advantages and disadvantages for each monarch due to the Spanish alliance; however the view that England was a Spanish pawn is a weak one. It is obvious England played along with the serving of Spanish interests but Mary still upheld authority and power, she only behaved to Spanish wishes to keep the alliance strong and secure. This did not necessarily mean that England was dominated and under Spanish dependency. Mary had a necessity to marry and produce an heir, this was an expectation she was forced to follow, and subsequently Phillip filled this position and secured many other insecurities which needed to be attended. Consequently England possessed access to numerous things; Spanish inheritance, Charles V as an ally, EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s main commercial outlet with the Netherlands, access to Spanish Atlantic treasure and political stability. Overall England received increasing security and benefits from the alliance with Spain, proving England not to be dominated by Spain but using Spain to itÃ¢â¬â¢s advantage equally as much.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Lake and River Microbes essays The microscopic organisms of local aquatic ecosystems, is important to the health and homeostasis of the natural environment. There are many types of microscopic organisms that dwell in the local lakes, streams, and rivers. Microorganisms' such as protists "algae" and microscopic invertebrates can be found in great quantities in the lo;cal; water systems. The most commonly found microorganisms are the prootozoans. The protozoans are divided in to two groups: the protists (plant like cholorophillic heterozygous eugenic prokaryotes) and algaey (animal like). The protists are all microscopic, unicellular eucaryotes. All are heterotrophic. Protists differ from other eucaryotic organisms in that they have a cell membrane made of a substance called pellicillin. They are classified according to the motility of the thing: the class mastigophora are protists that move through the use of flagellum (long whip-like structures), the class pseudofootia are the protists that move through walking (ameba), and the phylum ciliaphora are the protists that move through the use of cilicone (hair-like processes). There are also another group of protists called the sporozoans, which are immobile parasites. All forms of protist were found in the water samples except for the sporozoans. The other types of protozoan found were algae. Algae can be either unicellular or multicellular. All ore autotropic (they photosynthesize) and a few are both heterotrophic and autotrophic. Algae do not have any tissue, which is why they are not considered plants. Rather they exist in a state known as "ethereal entropic euphrigenesis." While there are many types are algae is the one be most commonly found in fresh water are the green algae (chlorphycophyta), euglenas (euglenophycophyta), and the golden algae (chrysophycophyta), which includes the diatoms. Brown algae and red algae are usually not found in freshwater. The euglena are flagellated algae ...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Is SAT Word of the Day Really a Good Way to Study Vocab SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips How do you learn new words, especially big ones like "obstreperous" and "percipient" that you don't often hear in daily conversation? Do you pore over long lists, make flash cards, or focus on one or two at a time? For those playing the long game, SAT Word of the Day sites and email lists can be useful resources for gradually building your vocabulary over time. This guide will point you to the best sources of SAT Word of the Day and give you some strategies for how to use them effectively. First, why might you want to study vocabulary this way? IsSAT Word of the Day Effective? Using SAT Word of the Day to build your vocabulary is effective in a gradual way, but I wouldn't necessarily recommend it as the only vocab studying you do to prepare for the SAT. It's a good way to start early, learn new words, and insert a little bit of SAT prep into your routine on a daily basis. That being said, SAT Word of the Day probably doesn't substitute for more extensive studying. Let's take a look at the pros and cons for studying SAT words in this way. Pros ofSAT Word of the Day Like a trickle of water filling up a bowl, learning a word a day can build up to a great deal of knowledge if you sustain it over time.It's a low-pressure, stress-free way to start SAT prep early, rather than cramming a lot of words at once and struggling to retain them. You could start freshman year and spend just 5 minutes a day learning a word's definitionand how that word isused in different contexts. Have you ever noticed how you learn a new word or fun fact for the first time and suddenly start seeing it everywhere? This "Baeder-Meinhof Phenomenon" could happen with new SAT words, too. You'll start to notice (and should be on the lookout for) SAT wordswhen you're reading books, blogs, or the news. This will both aid your long-term retention of the vocab and help you understandif a givenword has various uses and connotations. Widening your vocabulary is not just useful for the SAT, but also for your own writing, reading, and work throughout high school and college. Finally, SAT Word of the Dayalso serves as a daily reminder to stick to your overall test prep schedule. Incorporating a word a day or an SAT Question of the Day orients you towards learning and building your skills and understanding on a daily basis. While SAT Word of the Day is useful for building up your vocabulary and retaining new words over time, what are some downsides to this approach to studying? Cons of SAT Word of the Day Perhaps the most obvious question aboutusing SAT Word of the Day is whether it teaches you enough to really be effective. Since you're only focusing on one word each day, you'd have to start a long time in advance of your SAT test to learn enough words. If you don't keep reviewing and referring back to words, you might forget those you learned several months or a year ago. While you're studying a word a day in theory, likely you would end up studying more to review ones that you've already learned. Another downside to SAT Word of the Day is that it could bemore of a passive than an active approach. You're learning a word, but not necessarily putting it in context of the SAT and applying it to real SAT questions. Thus you would want to be proactive andcouple yourstudying with answering sample questions and ensuring that you can demonstrate what you've learned on SAT passage-based and sentence completion questions. How effective studying with SAT Word of the Day is also varies from student to student and depends on their individual learning style and focus. This approach may appeal more to you if you like spreading out your test prep over a sustained period of time, but may not be your preferred mode if you like to bunch up studying and focus intensively on more material at the same time. In order to get the most use out of SAT Word of the Day, you want to use high quality resources, just as you should with the rest of your SAT prep. Read on for my suggestions of the best sources for SAT Word of the Day. Where Can You Find SAT Words of the Day? You can track down high quality SAT Words of the Day on various websites, as well as sign up for daily emails. For further reinforcement, you could also choose to create your own word of the day flashcards by writing down vocabulary, definitions, and examples from SAT vocabulary lists. Below are my suggestions for the best websites and email lists. New York Times SAT Vocabulary The New York Times learning blog has an SAT Word the Day 7 days a week. It gives you SAT words anddefinitions, as well as an example of how eachword is used in a sentence. What I like about this blog is that it links you to all the New York Times articles that have used that word. This lets you gain a sense of how it's used in various contexts, which is especially helpful for passage-based vocabulary questions on the current SAT, as well as the more context-based vocabulary questions that will appear on the new SAT in 2016. Plus you can learn about current events and editorials, which might be useful to draw uponwhen it comes time to write your SAT essay. To access these words you have to visit the site. Unfortunately they don't have an email option or a phone app that you could download. You can follow the New York Times learning blogs on Twitter, but not specifically the SAT Word of the Day. Number2.com Word of the Day On this straightforward site, you can find an SAT vocabulary word, definition, and one example. Unlike the New York Times blog, this site doesn't give you additional examples of the vocabulary in context. You could do your own searches, along with keeping an eye out for words you're learning in your reading. If you prefer to have daily vocabulary emailed to you, you can sign up for the email lists of any of the sites below. Get Emailed SAT Word of the Day These sites are all comparable to one another. They will email you a vocabulary word, definition, and example sentence every day. Again, it would be up to you to seek out the new vocabulary in other contexts beyond the one sentence example. SAT Daily (this site also has a texting option) Test Magic SAT Word of the Day SAT Hot Words SAT Words Daily Signing up for an email or texting list is an easy way to keep up with the word a day. Just don't let the emails pile up in your inbox! Finally, you could also create your own vocabulary lists and words of the day on paper or online. One site that's useful for this kind of self-directed studying is Quizlet. Make Your Own SAT Word of the Day Quizlet has some useful preexisting SAT vocabulary lists that you could use to create your own flashcards. You can also upload your own lists and practice that way, perhaps to review words of the day that you studied in the past. If you have an iPad or tablet, you can also play vocabulary matching games and time yourself as you review. If you start studying vocabulary in freshman year for just five minutes a day, then you could really grow your language skills over time. To make the most of your prep, use high quality resources that access the most commonly tested SAT vocabulary words. The best way to retain words and have a complex understanding is to read them in various contexts and take note when they appear in your reading. You could even try working it into conversation or your texts, though you might cause some confusionif you start throwing words like "assiduous" and "perfidious"around. Rather than only passively reading through definitions, actively search these words out and couple your studying with answering SAT practice passage-based and sentence completion vocabulary questions. At the same time, it's important to note that this focus on vocabulary might actually be more relevant for the current version of the SAT than the redesigned one rolling out in 2016. The new SAT has less of a focus on "big" words and more focus on relatively common words that might be presentedin an unusual way.Below is a quick review of the changes as they relate to vocabulary. How Important is Vocabulary for the New SAT? If you're taking the new SAT, you might consider readjusting your approach to studying SAT vocabulary. The new SAT is deemphasizing these common SAT words, and shaping questions around more accessible words, like "intense" and "maintain," that might have different connotations in different sentences. Instead of stand-alone sentence completion questions, the vocabulary questionswill be more passage-based. If you're taking the current version of the SAT, then SAT Words of the Day are still a very useful tool for building your vocabulary and learning the words you'll need to achieve strong scores on the Critical Reading section. If you're taking the newer version, you might still benefit from the SAT Word of the Day, but should focus on connotation and context and not worry too much about particularly obscure words. By learning more about what skills the new SAT will test, you can reshape your prep and continue to use older practice materials effectively. With SAT Word of the Day and all your test prep, you'll be best served by reflecting on your learning style and uncovering the tactic that works best for you. How Do You Learn New Words? As with all aspects of studying for the SAT, reflect on how you learn and retain information and customizeyour study plan to best help you improve. Even if you're someone who likes to bunch up studying, SAT Words of the Day can be a useful tool, especially if you start early. Even though I gave several options of websites and email lists above, the "word of the day" is meant to be just that, a single vocabulary word that you examine and incorporate on a daily basis.With this approach, it's better to prioritize quality of words, definitions, and examples over quantity. Pick just one of those resources (or two, if you really want) and stick with it. Pay attention to how it's used, where you can find it, and how it helps express a thought or idea. Even if only a fraction of the words you learn actually show up on your official SAT tests, you'll still have advanced your language and sharpened your reading, writing, and communication skills. Plus you can impress your friends and family with your ever expanding repertoire of impressive vocabulary. What's Next? Besides Word of the Day, you might also be learning a lot of SAT vocabularyat the same time. Learn about the "waterfall method" of studying SAT words and definitions. Do you have a choice between taking the current version of the SAT and the new SAT? Read about the differences and how to decide between the two here. Gunning for a top SAT score? Read our guide on how to get a perfect SAT score. Learn how to get an 800 on SAT Reading, SAT Math, and SAT Writing. Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? Check out our best-in-class online SAT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your SAT score by 160 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this lesson, you'll love our program.Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get thousands ofpractice problems organized by individual skills so you learn most effectively. We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial:
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Of Pandas, People, and Propaganda - Essay Example This holds that the acquisition of knowledge can be explained by justified true belief. Justified true belief was defined by Plato in his work Theatetus. This says that in order for anyone to truly know a thing, that thing: must be true; we must believe it; and there must be sufficient evidence for it (i.e., it must be justified). "If a belief is justified, there is something which justifies it. The thing which justifies a belief can be called its justifier. If a belief is justified, then it has at least one justifier What sort of thing can be a justifier Three things that have been suggested are: beliefs only; beliefs together with other conscious mental states; and beliefs, conscious mental states, and other facts about us and our environment (which we may not have access to)" (Answers.com, 2005). Gettier posed the question: "Is justified true belief knowledge" In his paper, Gettier set forth conundrums which he believed demonstrated a fallacy with justification of belief into know ledge. d. Jones is the man who will get the job, and Jones has ten coins in his pocket. Smith's evidence for (d) might be that the president of the company assured him that Jones would in the end be selected, and that he, Smith, had counted the coins in Jones's pocket ten minutes ago. Proposition (d) entails: Let us e. The man who will get the job has ten coins in his pocket. Let us suppose that Smith sees the entailment from (d) to (e), and accepts (e) on the grounds of (d), for which he has strong evidence. In this case, Smith is clearly justified in believing that (e) is true. But imagine, further, that unknown to Smith, he himself, not Jones, will get the job. And, also, unknown to Smith, he himself has ten coins in his pocket. Proposition (e) is then true, though proposition (d), from which Smith inferred (e), is false. In our example, then, all of the following are true: (i) (e) is true, (ii) Smith believes that (e) is true, and (iii) Smith is justified in believing that (e) is true. But it is equally clear that Smith does not know that (e) is true; for (e) is true in virtue of the number of coins in Smith's pocket, while Smith does not know how many coins are in Smith's pocket, and bases his belief in (e) on a count of the coins in Jones's pocket, whom he falsely believes to be the man who will get the job" (Gettier, 1963). Gettier demonstrated that knowledge is not acquired as simply or straight-forwardly as philosophers had assumed for over 2000 years. Factual knowledge is not as simple or self-evident as it so often seems to be. Thus, the process of learning cannot be taken for granted. Questions about learning and the acquisition of knowledge need to be posed that can apply to all disciplines, including the natural and social sciences, history, the arts, mathematics, and language. Definitive answers are hard to come by. "'What is Truth' said jesting Pilate, and would not stay for an answer," wrote Francis Bacon in his Of Truth, Essays or Counsels Civil and Moral (Theory of Knowledge, 2005). Philosophers have studied the topic of epistemology ever since the time of Plato. Several different theories of the learning process have gained hold in Western
Friday, November 1, 2019
Charles Manson - Research Paper Example The presence of malice aforethought as implied by the conduct of the accused constitutes murder; thus, without malice the homicide becomes manslaughter. Apart from malice being a statutory requirement for murder, the unlawful killing must be of a human being; even though, what constitutes a person is controversial issue in law in US since the fourth amendment of the constitution does not recognise foetus as a person yet some states recognise foetus as human being (Carper, McKinsey and West 2008). Charles Manson was notoriously linked to the slaying Sharon Tate an actress and other Hollywood residents even though he was not convicted of carrying out the murders himself; moreover, he was associated with the famous Ã¢â¬ËTate-La BiancaÃ¢â¬â¢ killings that immortalised him as the embodiment of the evil. Manson together with his loyal disciples are believed to have carried out at least 35 killings that mainly were never tried because of the lack of proof or because the architects were sentenced for life for the Tate/La Bianca killings. At his birth, he was named as Charles Milles Maddox by his mother, who was at the time, was an alcoholic and a prostitute. The mother later got married to William Manson; nevertheless, the marriage was short-lived and Charles ended up in a boy school. Charles came back to his mother, but she was not interested in him and soon Charles commenced a street life surviving on petty crime (Ã¢â¬Å"Charles MansonÃ¢â¬ , n.d.). Probation reports revealed that he was suffered from high degree of rejection, psychic trauma and instability thus the struggle for a status; moreover, the reports indicated that he was dangerous, unpredictable and only safe under supervision. Since 1958, Manson was arrested and released for various offenses such as passing of stolen checks and Ã¢â¬ËpimpingÃ¢â¬â¢ which sent him to McNeil Island prison for ten years. While Manson was incarcerated, he discovered his creative talent, gained knowledge in reading musi c and playing guitar, and finally freed in March of 1967. The next year, Manson organized a murderous operation that made him a considerable figure in criminal history. Therefore, Manson indicates a personality trait of passion associated with cult groups, which emerged in 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s. He pathologically believed that he was the forerunner of doom regarding the future of the planet similar to the way cult and evangelistic figures claim prophetic knowledge of the end of the world. Drugs, artworks, and music that prevailed at the time influenced Manson; moreover, Manson had strong belief and interest in the concept of the Armageddon in the bible (Ã¢â¬Å"Charles MansonÃ¢â¬ , n.d.). The first victims of MansonÃ¢â¬â¢s criminal activities were guests at a Beverly Hills home that included Sharon Tate an actress of who was seven months pregnant, where Manson gathered most of his devoted followers to accomplish the task. Moreover, the next day, Manson initiated another killing spree at the home of a wealthy couple Leno La Bianca and his wife, for this task, Manson chose his most obedient comrades. Even though, Manson was never directly involved in the killings, he manipulated his disciples and taught them to kill (Ã¢â¬Å"Charles MansonÃ¢â¬ , n.d.). Developmental life-course considers crime as a product of developmental process that begins prior to birth and progresses throughout an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The developmental-life course theory considers the interaction of individual factors like personality and social factors like
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Learners Motivation within the EFL Setting - Term Paper Example The intention of this study is motivation as an effective tool in enhancing student learning, particularly in the EFL educational setting. Through learning new instructional techniques and methods to improve teaching and learning, one has encountered several researches written by educators on the subject of learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation. In SusluÃ¢â¬â¢s article entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Motivation of ESL TeachersÃ¢â¬ published in The Internet TESL Journal, the author clearly cited definitions of motivation as: Ã¢â¬Å"some kind of internal drive which pushes someone to do things in order to achieve something; a term that is used to define the success or the failure of any complex task; deal(ing) with three matters: (1) what energizes human behavior; (2) what directs or channels such behavior; and (3) how this behavior is maintained or sustained.The theoretical framework of motivation has spurred one to apply crucial concepts within the educational setting and design teaching strategies that would enhance learning and studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ academic performance. From the practical application, one realized that when time, effort and resources are utilized to motivate learners within the learning environment, academic performance is enhanced as manifested through reflecting higher grades and increased comprehension and retention. Using this as the conceptual framework, one aims to determine and assess secondary researches on the subject within the EFL learning environment.... The challenges faced by an educator include determining the unique educational needs of the students and the pace by which students comprehend and absorb the theories being relayed. Through learning new instructional techniques and methods to improve teaching and learning, one has encountered several researches written by educators on the subject of learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation. In SusluÃ¢â¬â¢s (2006) article entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Motivation of ESL TeachersÃ¢â¬ published in The Internet TESL Journal, the author clearly cited definitions of motivation as: Ã¢â¬Å"some kind of internal drive which pushes someone to do things in order to achieve something (Harmer, 2001, p. 51); a term that is used to define the success or the failure of any complex task (Brown, 1994, p. 152); deal(ing) with three matters: (1) what energizes human behavior; (2) what directs or channels such behavior; and (3) how this behavior is maintained or sustained (Steers and Porter, 1991, p. 6)Ã¢â¬ (cited by Suslu, 2006, par. 2). The theoretical framework of motivation has spurred one to apply crucial concepts within the educational setting and design teaching strategies that would enhance learning and studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ academic performance. From the practical application, one realized that when time, effort and resources are utilized to motivate learners within the learning environment, academic performance is enhanced as manifested through reflecting higher grades and increased comprehension and retention. Using this as the conceptual framework, one aims to determine and assess secondary researches on the subject within the EFL learning environment. Part II: Method of Collecting the Literature One recognized that the veracity and credibility of authoritative sources on a
Monday, October 28, 2019
Sex education Essay 1. Sex education can help to prevent many atrocities. Abandoned babies. Abortion. Malnutrition and starvation. 2. Teenagers will become more careful of their own body. Anatomy lessons (included in sex education) will make teenagers aware of potential hazards. STDs. Prevent a possible infertility. 3. Some parents think sex education should be taught at home, in family. Teachers take a special course on how to teach their students properly. Some teenager might be scared to talk to their parents about sex. Conclusion: Ã¢â¬Å"The opposition we find is mostly based in misconceptions, and instead of force them to accept sex education, we should focus on refute their misbeliefs by showing them the correct information. Ã¢â¬ For many years, sex education has been one of the most controversial issues in education, but since the law was passed, the opposition has drastically decreased along the country. Even so, from time to time I hear astonishing anecdotes of parents who send their children to a private school to avoid sex education. Personally, I think that itÃ¢â¬â¢s perilous to let them resolve things on their own, because in the future, their children will suffer the consequences of lacking of these vital lessons. I strongly believe that -because of the astounding benefits IÃ¢â¬â¢ll expose below- sex education should be taught in every school. The first, and probably the most important advantage of sex education, is that it can prevent many atrocities. This can sound pretentious to someone, but allow me to explain why it is not an exaggeration. In the last years, the number of girls who die in clandestine abortion centers in growing alarmingly. Ignorance and despair are a deadly combination that can lead to tragedy. Many (if not all) of these deaths can be prevented by sex education, since all the healthy ways to avoid an unwanted pregnancy are taught in class (and even some schools give condoms for free in case the student doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have money). But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not the only example! What if itÃ¢â¬â¢s too late to prevent the unwanted pregnancy? When a baby is abandoned, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the most obvious assumption to think that it was because the mother wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t able to raise it, or because she simply didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what to do. Well, sex education also teaches what to do and who can help in case of it. Sadly, some babies die before they are found, and this can be avoided by a mother who knows that there are specialized institutions where she can leave her baby safe. In other words, sex education forestalls death. Secondly, sex education not only forestalls death, but it also protects life. It has anatomy lessons, which leads me to the next point: Teenagers will become more careful o f their own body. You will think one thing has nothing to do with other, but as it was stated before, education gives the opportunity of decision. For example, a teenager who is fully conscious of his own body will be more careful with it than someone who is not aware of the potential hazards of sexually transmitted diseases. But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not all, sex education also prevents a future infertility, since the anatomy lessons remark that the unhealthy habits (like smoking, or drinking alcohol) have dreadful consequences for the body. Finally, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll try to vanish one of the biggest fears of some of these parents: what teachers would say to their children. Most of these adults think it should be taught at home, in family, but IÃ¢â¬â¢ll insist that itÃ¢â¬â¢s better for a student to learn at school. Why? Well, when the law was passed, teachers had to take special courses on how to teach their students properly. Some parents are sure they know everything, but they are wrong. On the other hand, their children might be fearful of asking for advice to someone of their own family, and might prefer to expose their doubts and feelings with a teacher. Taking to consideration all of the points exposed above, I trust the little opposition we find in parents can cease, since as I said before, is mostly based in misconceptions. So instead of force them to accept it, we should focus on refute their misbeliefs by showing them how sex education is taught by anÃ specialist that took a course on how to help to prevent atrocities, and make teenagers aware and careful of the their own body.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
Disasters in Death Introduction I. Roosevelt Collins, a black man in Alabama, was convicted of rape, sentenced to death, and executed in 1937. Roosevelt testified that the Ã¢â¬Å"victimÃ¢â¬ who was white had consented to sex, which caused a near-riot in the courtroom. The all-white jury deliberated for only FOUR minutes. Later interviews with several jurors revealed that although they believed the act was consensual, they also thought that he deserved death simply for Ã¢â¬Å"messinÃ¢â¬â¢ aroundÃ¢â¬ with a white woman. Even the judge, off the record, admitted his belief that Roosevelt was telling the truth, QUOTE: Ã¢â¬Å"An innocent man went to his death.Ã¢â¬ Horace Dunkins was executed on July 17, 1989. His attorney never told the jury he was mentally retarded, with an IQ estimated at 65. When newspapers reported this several years later, one juror told the press she would not have voted for the death penalty had she known of his retardation. The accomplice to this crime w as given a life sentence. II. Everyone has their own opinion of the Death Penalty. The problem is, most United States citizens do not have the facts. As long as the death penalty is a form of punishment, we all should be aware of this informationÃ¢â¬ ¦the correct information, and not just what crime the Ã¢â¬Å"Dead Man WalkingÃ¢â¬ committed. III. Myself, Chandra, Steve, and Geoff have done extensive research on the subject of corporal punishment and will discuss those findings with you today. IV. The Death Penalty is a costly, immoral, and imperfect form of punishment. Before Americans chant Ã¢â¬Å"DeathÃ¢â¬ for a moral wrong, we should make sure that we are right. V. Today we will discuss some of the problems with the death penalty, solutions and alternatives to it, and even give you a glimpse into how our future America will be if we continue this immoral deterrent. Chandra will share with us three of the major problems with the death penalty. Steve will discuss some soluti ons and alternatives to corporal punishment. Finally, Geoff will give us some insight how the death penalty has failed as a deterrent and will continue to poison our lives in the future and what we can do to change things. Transition: Chandra will begin by explaining three major concerns with the death penalty. Body of Speech I. First Main Point (Need-Problem): The Death Penalty has three major problems: the cost, immoral issues, and erroneous executions. a. Supporting ... ...h thisÃ¢â¬ ¦According to a webpage from ACLU Marquis de Lafayette, speaking to the French Chamber of Deputies in 1830, years after having witnessed the executions of the French Revolution said thisÃ¢â¬ ¦ "I shall ask for the abolition of the punishment of death until I have the infallibility of human judgment demonstrated to me." I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have said it better than that. Bibliography References: Alternatives to the Death Penalty. [Online}. www.cuadp.org/altern.htm. (1998). Amnesty International USA. [Online]. Amnesty International Inc. www.amnesty-usa.org/abolish/index.html. (1999, November 23). Appeals Unlimited. [Online]. Appeals Unlimited/AUSoft. www.appeals.com/ deathpenalty.html. Campaign to End the Death Penalty. [Online]. www.nodeathpenalty.org/fivereasons.html. (1999, October 1). Economics of Capital Punishment, The. [Online]. www.mindspring.com/~ phporter/econ.html. (1999). Death Penalty Focus. (1999, April 24). Cost of the Death Penalty and Myths and Facts. [Online]. www.deathpenalty.org. (version on November 18, 1999). Illinois Wrongful Capital Murder Convictions. [Online]. www.sun.soci.niu.edu/~critcrim/wrong/illmurder.html. (1999, February). Word Count: 1622
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Kenneth Uy 500438690 EntrepreneurÃ¢â¬â¢s Biography Ã¢â¬â Walt Disney Childhood Walter Elias Disney, commonly referred to as Walt Disney, was born on December 5th, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois (Walt Disney Family Museum, 2012). His father Elias Disney was an Irish-Canadian and his mother, Flora Disney, was of German and English descent. His family settled in a village known as Norton Disney in the country of Lincolnshire at the time of birth (Disney, 2000). At the age of four, Disney and his family moved to a farm in Marceline, Missouri, which is where he developed his love for drawing.At the time he paid a retired Doctor by the name of Ã¢â¬Å"DocÃ¢â¬ Sherwood to produce images of his horse, Rupert. Later on his interest grew to train development in Marceline, specifically the Topeka and Santa Fe Railway where his uncle Michael Martin was the engineer (Disney, 2000). Four years later, the DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s moved to Kansas City where Walt Disney attended the Benton Grammar School. I n school Walt Disney met Walter Pfeiffer who introduced him to the world of vaudeville and motion pictures (Disney, 2000). He continued to emerge himself in art and filmography as he attended courses at the Kansas City Art Institute and went to Electric Park.Adulthood At age 22 Walt Disney left Kansas City and made his way into Hollywood regardless of his insufficient money and materials. With the help of his brother Roy Disney they were able to use their resources and construct a camera to film in their uncles garage. Shortly they received an order from New York to produce the film Ã¢â¬Å"Alice ComedyÃ¢â¬ and began production (IMDb, 2010). In 1925, Walt married Lillian Bounds, one of his employees, in Lewiston, Idaho and had two daughters named Diane and Sharon Disney (Disney, 2000).Three years had passed and the infamous Mickey Mouse was first portrayed in the silent cartoon Ã¢â¬Å"Plane CrazyÃ¢â¬ but made his debut in Ã¢â¬Å"Steamboat WillieÃ¢â¬ which is known as the wor ldÃ¢â¬â¢s first fully synchronized sound cartoon. The production Mickey Mouse was the first milestone that began Walt DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s progression (Disney, 2000). Soon after, he began the production of full-length animated cartoon that contributed his launch to succession. By the time 1955 had arrive the entire globe had been entertained by Walt DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s creations especially with his television programming like Ã¢â¬Å"The Mickey Mouse ClubÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ZorroÃ¢â¬ and Wonderful World of ColorÃ¢â¬ .On December 15, 1966 Walt Disney had died from Lung Cancer (WDFM, 2012). Education Walt Disney began his early education when he attended Benton Grammar School where he recognizes his ability to draw. Once the family moved to Chicago in 1917, Disney attended McKinley High School in his freshman year and took night courses at the Chicago Art Institute. He returned to Kansas City after a year to begin working as a graphic artist, therefore, Disney had a total of 9 years of formal education (Disney, 2000). Family Walt Disney had a father named Elias Disney and a mother named Flora Disney.He has three brothers Herbert, Raymond, Roy, and Walter. And a sister named Ruth Disney. When he married Lillian Bounds in 1925 they conceived a girl by the name of Diane Disney and adopted a girl named Sharon Disney (IMDb, 2010). Diane married Ron Miller who was former president and chief executive of Walt Disney Productions; and Sharon served as a member of Disney Board of Directors (Disney, 2000) Work Experience As a high school dropout in 1917, Walt Disney tried to join the army but was rejected at the age of 16 for being too young (IMDb, 2010).He then joined the Red Cross for a year as an ambulance driver. Upon his arrival back, he had difficulty finding work as an artist or even as an ambulance driver. He then found temporary work at an Art Studio creating advertisements for newspapers, magazines and movie theatres. He also met his first start-up partner Ubbe Iwerks. F inally, he worked for Kansas City Film Ad Company where he learned all about animation and decided to become an animator (Gabler, 2006). Past Startup Background Iwerks-Disney Commercial ArtistsÃ¢â¬ was founded in January 1920 after Walt and Ubbe decided to start their own company (Gabler, 20006). Their company however was a failure and both started to work in animation at the Kansas City Film Ad Company. After learning all about animation, he pursued another start-up with another co-worker Fred Harman. This time he created an animation business and started screening cartoonÃ¢â¬â¢s titled Ã¢â¬Å"Laugh-O-GramsÃ¢â¬ in a local theatre. Following their success, Disney acquired Laugh-O-Gram studios, which soon went bankrupt due to WaltÃ¢â¬â¢s poor financial management.Later that year, Walt and his Brother Roy opened Disney BrothersÃ¢â¬â¢ Studio in Hollywood, California (WDFM, 2012). He then started selling his produced cartoons to a New York distributor that was a huge success . Everything was going well until Disney found out that his client had hired WaltÃ¢â¬â¢s animators under contract and took the rights to his most popular animated characters (Gabler, 2006). Motivation of Startup After losing everything, Walt and Ubbe decided to create another cartoon character now known as Mickey.After creating a series of short cartoons Mickey became the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most popular cartoon character in the 1930s. Walt created his first full-length animated musical feature in the production of Ã¢â¬Å"Snow White and the Seven DwarfsÃ¢â¬ which exceeded over $1,400,000 in profit (IMDb, 2010). Throughout 1937-1947 he continued to create full-length movies such as Ã¢â¬Å"PinocchioÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"FantasiaÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"DumboÃ¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"BambiÃ¢â¬ . Following his cartoon success, Walt thought it was possible to pursue his dream in creating a theme park and which is now Disneyland.After being rejected approximately 302 times (Cool Pup, 2012) for financing the park, he finally got approved and his venture would allow him to acquire ABC and open his second successful theme park, Disneyworld (JustDisney, 2003). The Walt Disney Company now has approximately 156,000 employees and had almost $41 billion in revenue the previous year (WDFM, 2012). Section 2 StevensonÃ¢â¬â¢s Entrepreneurial Perspective on Walt Disney Note: This section pertains to Walt Disney while he had an influence on the Walt Disney Company until his death in 1966 and not the company at its current state.Strategic Orientation Strategic orientation is defined by Stevenson to be how one formulates strategy (2006). He mentions two styles: Promoter and Trustee and contrasts the two by describing the first as opportunity-driven and the latter as resource-driven. Walt Disney demonstrated many entrepreneurial traits throughout his animation business ventures. Even while working for other ad companies, he always ended up making his own company. I believe Walt DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s strat egic orientation strongly reflects that of a promoter.Walt always pursued opportunities in entertainment because while Walt was producing still-cartoons at a previous job, he saw a bigger opportunity in animation and continued to pursue such opportunities as shown in his many transitions in the industry. He then started making short-film cartoons leading him to open his own animation business and acquire a studio (Gabler, 2006). He then saw opportunities by creating full-length feature films and even in creating his own theme park. Stevenson also states that a promoterÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental task is to require the resources to pursue the opportunity.Walt Disney never gave up on Disneyland and was rumored to have been rejected financing for the theme park over 300 times (Cool Pup, 2012) until he struck a deal with ABC who agreed to help finance the park (JustDisney, 2003). He achieved his task and was driven to succeed in his financing. Walt can also be justified as a promoter because he operates in an industry with diminishing opportunity streams. Before his cartoon Mickey Mouse became a famous icon, Walt Disney constantly produced new characters and films to build his companyÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation. Commitment to OpportunityStevensonÃ¢â¬â¢s next concept is described as a personÃ¢â¬â¢s willingness to act (2006). Promoters are action-oriented and willing to act in short-time periods to chase their opportunities. He describes promoters to be action-oriented and have heavy involvement in risk management. Conversely, commitment for trustees is often time-consuming and usually takes a longer period of time. Through WaltÃ¢â¬â¢s journey we saw him deviate his concentration to many different forms of entertainment. He seemed to be involved with many cartoon characters until the creation of Mickey Mouse that lead to his huge success (IMDb, 2010).WaltÃ¢â¬â¢s ventures with his cartoons lead him to movies, television and the creation of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most popular theme park. This revolutionary array of ventures reveals DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to opportunity as a promoter. He remained very action oriented in ensuring that he would follow through until his cartoons succeeded. As well, he was heavily involved in the risk management of his company because nobody was willing to invest in his Disneyland (JustDisney, 2003). He financed a lot of the park through the company and the other half through ABC and was determined to make the park succeed.With the parkÃ¢â¬â¢s success, Disney had already made plans to commit construction for another one in Florida. His commitment to opportunity attributed largely to his companyÃ¢â¬â¢s success. Commitment of Resources When it comes to the attainment of resources, Stevenson says that promoters go through many stages of resource commitment with the goal of minimizing resources (2006). On the other hand, trustees will commit upon a larger-scale after careful analysis and single stage commitment. In relati on to Walt, a lot of his projects underwent a series of funding.In his early career as an artist and animator, he had to find a distributor for all his productions (Gabler, 2006) since he could never totally finance his business unless he was selling cartoons. Even after the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s success and Walter won his first academy award for his creation of Mickey Mouse, when the company transitioned to make its first feature-length film Ã¢â¬Å"Snow White and the Seven DwarfsÃ¢â¬ the studio ran out of money (Gabler, 2006). Since there were no formal venture capitalist groups at the time, the only way Walt could raise money was through loans.Eventually the movie would become the largest grossing film of the year (IMDb, 2010). The company went through many stages of funding to finance its various other projects. Similar to Snow White, Disneyland was funded in a similar manner where Walter would seek another loan to cover the costs of creating Disneyland (JustDisney, 2003). His jour ney through the resource commitment process mirrors promoter behaviour because he only sought funding when he needed it at multiple stages. Due to unpredictable resource needs and varied studio costs from film development, from a financial perspective DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s company was very chaotic.Control of Resources The use of resources in an organization plays a pivotal role in determining a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s success. Stevenson describes promoters to only be concerned with their ability to use a resource while trustees seek to control their resources by attaining full ownership (2006). When it comes to the animation business, ownership plays a key role in everyday operations. When Disney lost the rights to one of his most successful characters Ã¢â¬Å"Felix the CatÃ¢â¬ (Gabler, 2006), Walt found himself at a standstill.From that moment onward, Walt made sure to maintain full ownership on all his companyÃ¢â¬â¢s future productions in order to preserve his business and avoid future leg al conflicts. Due to the nature of the business, Walt relied heavily on his staff and had to employ full-time animators who could consistently produce the high quality entertainment the company was known for. As well, in order to make Disneyland and Disneyworld, the company needed to purchase large amounts of land (Gabler, 2006).A promoter style of management does not suit the Walt Disney Company for this section because Walt himself influenced so much of the company and could only have done so through ownership of all his resources. Therefore, Mr. Disney favored the administrative domain because of factors such as power and coordination. Having complete ownership and influence was essential to Disney in order to make sure his vision became a reality. His coordination was also important because it ensured he could take action without further approval from other partners.Management Structures StevensonÃ¢â¬â¢s views on management place relationships at the core of every structure. P romoters rely on receiving valuable information for key actors while trustees rely on formal relationships within the company based on detailed rights and responsibilities. Trustee management is the only applicable management structure for the Walt Disney Company (2006). He states, Ã¢â¬Å"Only in systems where the relationship with resources is based on ownership or employment can resources be organized in a hierarchyÃ¢â¬ (Stevenson, 2006).With the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s heavy emphasis on ownership on its productions and land as previously addressed, it is only appropriate that structure is required to delegate roles and responsibilities within the company. WaltÃ¢â¬â¢s company demonstrated many things that favour trustee management, the first being the need for clearly defined authority and responsibility and the next to be organizational culture. As the company increased in size, in order to ensure Walt could influence every level of management, there needed to be a formalized hiera rchy common in many large corporations.Walt worked closely with his animators to ensure the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s productions were under his direct approval (Gabler, 2006). Operating a large company also requires organizational culture because work needs to be formulated into a routine for employees to work within. Reward Philosophy When it comes to rewarding an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees, Stevenson finds that promoters reward employees based on their contribution and harvesting of value (2006). Investors and owners of the business want to generate returns to ensure they get their money back.Since performance is crucial in determining the success or failure of a start-up, key employees who help generate this value are usually rewarded on their performance. Trustee style management differs because compensation is usually pre-determined because of assigned responsibilities with the exception of small bonuses and promotions (Stevenson, 2006). Walt Disney maintained promoter behaviour b ecause a lot of his employees such as the staff at his studio were hired on salary with bonuses of 20% of profits for the short cartoons (Hill, 2004).At the time, Disney was considered to have the highest paid workers with the best working conditions. Disney embodied the promoter style of management because of factors such as individual expectations and competition. After the success of Ã¢â¬Å"Snow White and the Seven DwarfsÃ¢â¬ , Walt was known to have made Ã¢â¬Å"salary adjustmentsÃ¢â¬ to animators who he felt did exceptional work (Hill, 2004). As well, Disney strategically offered the best wages and working conditions in order to maintain its talent and attract more talent in a highly competitive industry. Section 3Recommendations for Walt Disney and The Walt Disney Company It is hard make comments and recommendations for one of the greatest and most ambitious entrepreneurs of all time but there a few things I would like to address in areas where I feel could have been handl ed differently. Although Disney operated in a completely different time period of more than 50 years ago, I will do my best to acknowledge the time period and his situation. 1. During the release of his first feature film Ã¢â¬Å"Snow White and the Seven DwarfsÃ¢â¬ and his change to the reward policy, the strike of his whole nimation staff could have put his business into financial hardship. In order to avoid situations like these, Disney should have reported or at the very least consulted with HR professionals on a better payment plan to reward employees during successful productions, and also support employees adequately through financial hardship as experienced in World War 2. Because his employees are crucial to the operation of the business, risky financial moves can have extreme and immediate effects on the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s future. 2. The company found itself out of funds several times due to poor financial management.As previously mentioned, the company went bankrupt during the production of Ã¢â¬Å"Snow White and the Seven DwarfsÃ¢â¬ and it also did not have enough funds to complete Disneyland on its own. Although the company succeeded in both ventures, I believe that Walt Disney was poor at managing the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s funds. In his earliest of animation days, his Laugh-O-Gram studios also went bankrupt as a result of overpaying his employees. He also tried to negotiate a price increase on his contract that actually resulted in termination of the contract, the loss of his production Ã¢â¬Å"Alice ComediesÃ¢â¬ and even most of his animation staff.He again was close to bankrupt and might have stayed that way had it not been for the creation his iconic Ã¢â¬Å"Mickey MouseÃ¢â¬ . I believe that if there were a person with more financial experience and knowledge similar to the modern day equivalent to a Chief Financial Officer, he would have not reached such plateaus. As well if he had stronger legal advisors, he could have probably earned the righ ts back to his character and staff or at least won a settlement.While CFOs and law firms arenÃ¢â¬â¢t as readily available back then as they were today, I believe one thing that Disney lacked was his ability to have a reliable and knowledgeable management team that could have saved him a lot of hardship. Walt Disney is a remarkable man whose life work influenced the way people viewed imagination. His life dedication to providing entertainment was what helped him reach an entrepreneurial pinnacle. Arising from all failures and demonstrating a life committed to fulfilling his life goals lead him to be one of the most influential entrepreneurs of all time.References Cool Pup. (2012). Disneyland. InÃ Daily Celebrations. Retrieved November 5, 2012, from http://www. dailycelebrations. com/071799. htm Gabler, N. (2006). Walt Disney: The Triumph of the American Imagination. IMDb. (2010). Walt Disney Biography. InÃ IMDb. Retrieved November 6, 2012, from http://www. imdb. com/name/nm0000 370/bio Hill, J. (2004, June). Another look backat the 1941 Disney Studio Strike. InÃ Jim Hill Media. Retrieved November 6, 2012, from http://jimhillmedia. com/alumni1/b/wade_sampson/archive/2004/06/07/1204. aspx#. UJqz-Gl25YQ JustDisney. 2003). Disneyland's History. InÃ Disneyland History. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www. justdisney. com/disneyland/history. html Stevenson, H. H. (2006, April 13). A Perspective on Entrepreneurship. Harvard Business School,Ã 9(131), 1-12. The Walt Disney Family Museum. (2012). About Walt Disney. InÃ Timeline. Retrieved November 6, 2012, from http://www. waltdisney. com/timeline#41 Walt Disney. (2000). InÃ Walt Disney Biography. Retrieved November 5, 2012, from http://www. norsknettskole. no/fag/ressurser/itstud/fuv/gunnargrodal/bio. htm